Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is caused by inflammation of the liver which results in redness and swelling of the liver. Liver is a vital organ. Liver failure is dangerous and needs timely transplantation. Liver is very crucial for excreting the harmful waste of the body. If liver is affected, the whole body will be affected.

What are the Functions of the Liver ?

The liver is involved in the following functions:

  • Removes toxins from the blood
  • Resists infection, helps in digestion
  • Store house of nutrients & energy

No person can liver without liver.

What are the Causes of Hepatitis B

The hepatitis is caused by the hepatitis B virus.

Anyone can be affected by hepatitis B. But some are at higher risk. They are:

  • Neonates with Hepatitis B mother
  • Living together with a Hepatitis B infected person
  • People who lived in Endemic area for Hepatitis B
  • People who get exposed to blood and other body fluids at work
  • Patients undergoing hemodialysis
  • People having sex with a person who is infected with hepatitis B virus in recent past
  • Drugs addicts using infected needles
  • Gays<

What are the General Misconceptions Regarding Hepatitis B ?

Normal Social contact does not lead to Hepatitis B. One can not get hepatitis B from

  • shaking hands with an infected person
  • hugging an infected person
  • sitting next to an infected person

What Is Chronic Hepatitis B?

Persisting hepatitis B is called Chronic hepatitis B. Unfortunately it remains asymptomatic till liver damaged is witnessed. Children are at higher risk of getting chronic Hepatitis B. If not treated in time It leads to severe liver disorders such cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer and liver failure.

How is Hepatitis B Diagnosed?

The doctor generally suggests liver Biopsy in the event of suspecting chronic hepatitis.

What are the Treatment Options Available for Hepatitis B ?

The medication is given to the patient for curtailing and limiting the damage of the virus. Drugs are given either individually or in combination according to the need of the patient and the discretion of the doctor.

The following are the commonly used drugs for treating the Hepatitis B:

Drugs given by shots include

  • Interferon
  • Peginterferon

Drugs taken by mouth include

  • Lamivudine
  • Telbivudine
  • Adefovir
  • Entecavir

Liver transplantation is carried out in case of irreversible damage of liver. Medicines taken after surgery prevent the recurrence of the disease.

Comments are closed.