What is Dyspepsia or Indigestion ?

Any deficient condition of gastrointestinal tract leads to dyspepsia or indigestion. The prominent conditions of gastro intestinal tract that lead to indigestion include the following:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Cancer
  • Abnormality of the pancreas
  • Defects in bile ducts

What is Functional Dyspepsia ?

The symptoms of digestion can be rectified and improved in many curable conditions. Some times indigestion may crop all of sudden without nay relevant medical condition. Such an indigestion is called, functional dyspepsia. Normally it is perceived to occur at the meeting point of stomach and small intestine.

Functional dyspepsia occurs due to the following causes related to stomach muscles as the stomach receives, digests and moves the food into the small intestine.

  • Abnormal motility of the abdomen
  • Unusual contraction and relaxation of the the stomach

Symptoms of Indigestion

The following are the prominent symptoms of indigestion. However the list is not exhaustive as most people suffering with indigestion complain more symptoms than the symptoms enlisted below:

Fullness during a meal:

The person experiences the feeling of excess soon after he/she starts food intake.

Bothersome Fullness after a Meal:

The person experiences the feeling of longer stay of the food in the stomach.

Epigastric Pain:

The person experiences pain in the area that lies between the lower end of the chest bone and the navel. The pain may be mild, moderate and even severe sometimes.

Epigastric Burning:

The person experiences heat like sensation or burning sensation in the epigastric region.

Other minor symptoms include nausea and bloating of the stomach. These may be due to reasons other than indigestion.

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