Diagnosis of Indigestion

The physician enquires about the person about his/ her current symptoms and previous medical history. He/she then does thorough physical examination. Generally an X-ray of the stomach and small intestine is ordered by the doctor. Apart from X-ray the doctor also opts for blood, breath, or stool tests in case he/she suspects presence of peptic ulcer bacteria.

The doctor may also carry out an upper endoscopy. This is done after giving sedative to the person so that he/she becomes drowsy. Through endoscope the doctor carries out the oesophagus and stomach examination. He may also order for a biopsy.Generally through biopsy the doctor seeks to assess the possible damage from GastroIntestinal Reflux Disease (GERD) or an infection.

Signs & Symptoms of Indigestion

Indigestion can be a sign of more serious medical condition, Because of this people should sees doctor soon after they experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Recurring vomits
  • Blood traces in vomit
  • Loss of weight
  • Loss of appetite
  • Black tarry stools
  • Pain & Inconvenience while swallowing
  • Abdominal pain that occurs in a nonepigastric area
  • Complaints of indigestion along with shortness of breath, sweating, or pain which spreads to the jaw, neck, or arm
  • Indigestion symptoms that persist more than few weeks

Research Regarding Indigestion

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases’ Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition provides sufficient support for research in the area of indigestion. How ever there is lot of scope for further research especially in the following area:

  • Role played by gastric hypersensitivity
  • Psychological disorder and indigestion
  • Novel therapies for indigestion

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