Treatment for Indigestion

The following are some of the popularly suggested methods to counter the indigestion:
Eat several small meals for more number of times

  • Avoid smoking
  • Stop consuming beverages such as coffee, beer, corroborated drinks
  • Avid aspirins other antiinflammatory drugs that affect the lining of the stomach
  • Have adequate sleep
  • Do yoga and mediation which are very good for stress relaxation

Medication for Treating Indigestion


Doctors normally prescribe antacids which bring down the acid content of the stomach and facilitate free movement and digestion of the food. Usually these drugs are available over-the-counter. The above medicines are prescribed normally by the physician. But inform the doctor before taking non prescription medicines.

Antacids are usually the first recommended drugs by a physician. Popularly prescribed antacids include the following:

  • Alka-Seltzer
  • Maalox
  • Mylanta
  • Rolaids
  • Riopan

Antacids generally come as three basic salts—magnesium, calcium, and aluminium—with hydroxide or bicarbonate ions. This enables them to neutralize the acids secreted in the stomach.

Side Effects of Antacids

The side effects of antacid medication include the following:

  • Diarrhoea due o Magnesium salt
  • Constipation due to aluminium salt
  • Calcium salts such as Tums, Titralac, and Alka-2 aslo lead to constipation

So normally a combination of salts is given to overcome this difficulty.

H2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs)

H2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) such as ranitidine (Zantac), cimetidine (Tagamet), famotidine (Pepcid), and nizatidine (Axid) are also used.

Side Effects of H2 Receptor Antagonists

The following are the severe side effects of H2 Receptor Antagonists:

  • Severs headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhoea
  • Atypical bleeding and bruising

Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs)

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) such as omeprazole (Prilosec, Zegerid), lansoprazole (Prevacid), pantoprazole (Protonix), rabeprazole (Aciphex), and esomeprazole (Nexium) are widely used.

Side Effects of PPI s

PPI s mostly lead to the following side effects:

  • Back pain
  • Body pains
  • Cough
  • Chronic headache
  • Vertigo
  • Unusual pain
  • Flatulence
  • Nausea
  • vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhoea


Prokinetics such as metoclopramide (Reglan) are used in people in whom stomach emptying is slow.

Side Effects of the Prokinetics

Side effects of the Prokinetics include the following:

  • Severe fatigue
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Ballistic (involuntary) muscle movements
  • Musclspasms


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