Treatment and Complications of Chronic Pancreatitis

The major treatment option for chronic pancreatitis is pain management which needs hospitalisation. It also involves injecting intravenous fluids, and providing parental nutrition. If the person continues to loose weight then nasogastric feeding must be given.

As symptoms start receding, the doctor provides the patient with synthetic pancreatic enzymes, in case the pancreas fails to secret enzymes on its own. The enzymes must be taken along with meal in order to facilitate better food absorption and arrest weight loss.

After ensuring all these, if the prognosis is satisfactory then the physician goes for some more changes. The main changes include providing the patient with low fat diet. The doctor now advices the patient to go for small, frequent meals in order to facilitate better digestion and absorption.The dietician plays a crucial role in developing the proper diet plan.

General Dietary Advice for Pancreatitis Patients

  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Restrict the intake of caffeinated beverages
  • Do not smoke
  • Do not consume alcohol

Complications of Chronic Pancreatitis

If the people suffering with chronic pancreatitis continue to consume alcohol then they may suffer with bouts of abdominal pains.

Just as in acute pancreatitis even in chronic pancreatitis therapeutic Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) can be used in order to prevent the following associated complications:

  • Gallstones
  • Blockage of the pancreatic ducts and bile ducts due to narrowing
  • Calcification due to excessive deposition of calcium in the pancreas

If the problem persists surgery and other procedures are carried for blocking the nerves in the abdominal area that cause painful sensations.

Diabetes is another associated complication of chronic pancreatitis. A health care professional works along with the patient to develop proper diet plan which involves frequent blood glucose monitoring.

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