Complications of Acute Pancreatitis

Cholecystectomy is delayed for a month or more to allow for full recovery in case of any complications that result due to Acute pancreatitis. The abscess formation (the accumulation of pus due to pathogenic infection) is one of the most important complications. Surgical measures and ERCP (Therapeutic Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography) are carried out to drain the pus out. The exploratory surgery is also carried for ruling out other related symptoms. It is also carried out to trace the source of the pus formation and infection. Exploratory surgery is also quite useful in removing the severely damaged pancreatic tissue.

People not only undergo ERCP as a treatment option for acute as well as chronic pancreatitis but also for arresting the risk of complications. The complications include the following:

  • severe pancreatitis
  • Sever infection
  • Bowl bleeding or perforation

The complications are more common in people with recurrent pancreatitis. A patient should consult his/ her doctor if following complications crop up:

  • Fever
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Throat pain
  • Chest congestion and pain
  • Gastric pain


Psudocyst results due a process where in the fluid and other debris get accumulated. The pseudoscyts are drained out using ERCP or EUS (Endoscopic ultrasound). If the cyst is left untreated the enzymes and toxic substances enter the blood stream and damage heart, lungs, kidneys and other vital organs.

Acute pancreatitis at times leads to renal failure. People with renal failure need to undergo dialysis or renal translational.

Very rarely pancreatitis leads to short fall of breathing. The decreased oxygen content leads to hypoxia. If even after supply of oxygen people experience lung failure they may need respirator.

For more information regarding the complications of acute pancreatitis go through the website of fact sheet from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

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