What is Celiac Disease Diagnosis?

Celiac disease is a kind of digestive disorder which damages the intestine (small) and interrupts the absorption of the nutrients in the food. Celiac disease patients cannot tolerate gluten present in wheat, barley and rye. This gluten destroys finger-like protrusions called villi, present in the small intestine. In the absence of villi, a person becomes weak and malnourished. Celiac disease diagnosis is carried out using a few methods.

Celiac Disease Diagnosis

Celiac disease diagnosis is performed using the following tests:

Blood test:

Auto-antibodies are proteins which react against the cells or tissues of our own body. Celiac disease patients have higher levels of these auto-antibodies. Therefore, doctors carry out blood test to detect the disease.

Intestinal biopsy:

After the blood tests, the doctors perform biopsy. A small tissue is taken from the small intestine. This tissue is examined under a microscope. The doctor passes a tube into the mouth to reach the small intestine and collects the sample of the tissue.


When the blood test is carried out to detect the presence of auto-antibodies in patients without Celiac disease symptoms, it is called screening.

Celiac disease symptoms

The common celiac disease symptoms are:

  • abdominal pain
  • bloating
  • vomiting
  • chronic diarrhea
  • constipation
  • foul-smelling, pale stools
  • weight loss
  • fatigue
  • osteoporosis
  • depression
  • irritability
  • unexplained iron-deficiency anemia
  • fatigue
  • arthritis
  • numbness in the feet and hands
  • seizures
  • irregular menstruation
  • sores in the mouth
  • skin problems
  • joint pain

Celiac disease diet

The following foods can be eaten in Celiac disease diet:

  • flax
  • buckwheat
  • corn
  • rice
  • tapioca
  • yucca
  • legumes
  • potatoes
  • soy
  • millet
  • sago seeds
  • nuts

The following foods should not be eaten in a Celiac disease diet:

  • barley
  • wheat
  • rye
  • semolina
  • white flour
  • potato chips
  • French fries


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