Ayurveda

Anal Cancer Symptoms: What are the Anal Cancer Symptoms?

Anal Cancer refers to the disease where cancer cells are formed in the anal tissues. Anus is the part which lies below the rectum. It is the end part of the large intestine. The solid waste is excreted out of the body through anus in the form of feces. Given below is a list of anal cancer symptoms.

Anal Cancer Symptoms

The following anal cancer symptoms might be noticed during anal cancer:

  • Bleeding from the rectum or anus
  • Itching in the anus
  • Discharge from the anus
  • Pain in the anal area
  • Lump near or around anus
  • Change in the bowel movements

Consult a doctor immediately if any of the above anal cancer symptoms are observed.

Who is at a risk of Anal Cancer?

People who are at a higher risk factor of anal cancer include those who:

  • Are above 50 years old
  • Are infected with HPV (human papillomavirus)
  • Indulge in anal sex (receptive partner)
  • Have multiple sexual partners
  • Have frequent soreness and swelling in the anus
  • Have abnormal openings in the anus
  • Smoke cigarettes

What is the Anal Cancer Diagnosis?

The following procedures and tests are included in the Anal Cancer diagnosis:

Physical Exam:

A physical examination of the body will help to detect anal cancer symptoms.

Digital Rectal Examination:

A finger is inserted inside the rectum to find out the presence of lumps or any abnormal growth.

Anoscopy:

An anoscope (small, lighted tube) is used to examine rectum and anus.

Endorectal or endoanal ultrasound:

The pictures of the tissues of the rectum and anus (sonogram) is taken using ultrasound transducer.

Biopsy:

A part of the tissue is removed to be examined under a microscope. This will detect any cancerous growth.

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