Cirrhosis – What Causes Cirrhosis, Symptoms of Cirrhosis


is a pathological condition of liver in which the large areas of the liver are permanently damaged because of scar tissue. The vital tissues of the liver are replaced by fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules leading to loss of liver function. In this article, we discuss the causes and symptoms of cirrhosis.

Before that let us know something about the liver:

The Liver:

The liver is an organ that performs many vital functions that includes protein synthesis, detoxification, and production of essential biochemicals for digestion. It is located in the right side of the abdominal cavity. A human liver normally weighs somewhere between

1.4 to 1.6 kg.

It is a soft, pinkish-brown, triangular organ located in the right upper quadrant, resting just below the diaphragm. It is the largest gland and internal organ in the human body.

Causes of cirrhosis:

Cirrhosis is a consequence of long-term liver conditions.

Alcohol abuse


hepatitis C

are the most common causes of cirrhosis. Other possible causes include:

  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Chronic hepatitis B
  • Chronic hepatitis D
  • Inherited disorders
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Drugs and toxins
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Blocked bile ducts
  • Other infections

Symptoms of cirrhosis:

In the initial stages, there might be no symptoms at all. As the disease progresses, there can be following symptoms:

  • Spider angiomata:

    Here, spider-like blood vessels are seen on the skin. They occur in about one-third of cases.

  • Palmar erythema:

    Exaggerations seen on the palm.

  • Jaundice symptoms:

    Yellow discoloring of the eye, skin and mucus membranes due to increased bilirubin levels.

  • Changes in the nails:

    Whitish appearance of the nails

  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark urine
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Itching
  • Anorexia
  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating when fluid accumulates in the abdomen

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