Proctitis – Causes of Proctitis, Symptoms of Proctitis


is a condition where the anus and the inner linings of the rectum are inflamed. It affects only the last 6 inches of the rectum. It can be short term (acute) or long term (chronic). In this article, we shall discuss the causes and symptoms of proctitis.

Causes of Proctitis:

The most common cause of proctitis is sexual transmission of the disease. Gonorrhea, herpes, syphilis, anal warts and chalmydia are the most common cause of sexually transmitted proctitis. Proctitis is becoming increasingly common in homosexual men. Other causes of proctitis are:

  • Autoimmune diseases of the colon such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
  • Non-sexually transmitted infections
  • Trauma to anorectal area
  • Foreign objects in contact with the rectum
  • Chemicals that harm the rectal area
  • Radiation hazard that happens as a side effect while treating other illness
  • Side effects of antibiotics while treating other illness

Symptoms of proctitis:

Depending on the cause of proctitis, different symptoms manifest in the individual. Some of the common symptoms are:

  • Continuous urge to have a bowel movement
  • A feeling of “full” in the rectum
  • Constipation
  • Tenderness in the anal region
  • Mild irritation of the rectum

Serious symptoms include:

  • Discharge of pus and blood from the anal
  • Severe cramps and pain during bowel movements
  • Anemia symptoms (Anemia occurs due to loss of blood)
  • Dizziness and shortness of breath

Sexual transmitted proctitis have completely different set of symptoms. An individual with gonorrhea or gonococcal proctitis may have soreness, bloody or pus-like discharge, diarrhea and itching. Syphilitic proctitis may have rectal pain and spasms during the bowel movements. Chlamydial proctitis may have rectal strictures and a narrowing of the rectal passageway.

A Herpes simplex proctitis may produce symptoms such as anal pain and tenderness, constipation and discharge. Tiny blisters or painful sores can be seen around the anus. Proctitis caused due to anal warts may lead to anal itching, varying degree of pain, bleeding and discharge.

You will get more information about diagnosis and treatment of proctitis in related articles on the site.


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