Gilbert Syndrome – What is Glibert Syndrome?

Gilbert syndrome

is an inherited, mild disorder of the liver, which affects the processing of bilirubin by the liver. It is caused by an inherited gene mutation. Gilbert syndrome is found in about 5% of the population (though some gastroenterologists say it affects up to 10% of Caucasian populations). In this article, we shall more about this disorder.

Glibert syndrome is also known as

Glibert’s disease.

Gilbert-Meulengracht syndrome, constitutional hepatic dysfunction, familial nonhemolytic jaundice and benign unconjugated bilirubinemia are other names of the disease.

Symptoms of Gilbert Syndrome

A person may be born with Gilbert’s disease and it may go undiscovered for many years. Typically, Gilbert’s syndrome does not cause signs and symptoms as it does not cause any serious complications in the body. If the disease gets manifested, there is a rise in the level of bilirubin in the blood. Symptoms experienced are:

  • Jaundice symptoms, i.e, a yellowish discoloration of skin and whites of eyes
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness

Diagnosis of Gilbert Syndrome:

A doctor may inadvertently diagnose Gilbert disease if:

  • The patient experiences jaundice with no obvious cause, and,
  • A blood test taken for some other purpose reveals high levels of bilirubin.

To confirm the disease and rule out other problematic conditions of the liver, the doctor may take up following blood tests:

  • Bilirubin test
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Liver function tests

Treatment of Gilbert’s Syndrome

This disease is a mild abnormality. There is almost negligible affect on the body. It generally does not require any specific treatment. The doctor may prescribe a few home remedies and life style changes to get away with the symptoms.

Moreover, there are no known complications of the disease. Jaundice may come and go throughout the life, during common illnesses such as colds. It does not cause any health problems.

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