Distended Abdomen – Causes and Symptoms of Distended Abdomen

Distended abdomen also called as swollen abdomen is a condition in which the area of belly is bigger than the normal. It is a common condition experienced by every individual. It results from various causes such as over-eating, pregnancy, menstrual problems, etc. The condition has a serious impact on abdominal cavity and organs. It is estimated that about 1 in 4 Americans are affected with distended abdomen. The causes and symptoms of distended abdomen are discussed below.

Distended Abdomen Causes

Distended abdomen has many causes. There are different disease conditions that could lead to distended abdomen. The causes include:

  • The major cause is aerophagia. It is a condition that occurs when excess air is swallowed.
  • Dyspepsia a problem of improper digestion
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Consuming diary products may lead to lactose intolerance in some people. It causes distended abdomen
  • Bloating as a result of constipation
  • Accumulation of fluids in abdomen results from disease conditions like liver cirrhosis and heart failure. These conditions would lead to abdominal distension
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Prior abdominal surgery
  • Poor peristaltic movements of food i.e anastalsis
  • Some women may suffer from bloating during menstruation. This leads to abdominal distension
  • Celiac disease conditions
  • Increase in acid levels in the stomach
  • Pregnancy
  • Malnutrition diseases
  • Other rare diseases that cause distended abdomen include coccidiosis, diverticulitis, hookworm disease, giardiasis, etc.

Distended Abdomen Symptoms

Distended abdomen is accompanied with certain other signs and symptoms. Distended abdomen along with other symptoms help in diagnosing the condition. The signs and symptoms that accompany with distended abdomen are:

  • Excessive burping and flatulence
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Hormonal changes in the body
  • Absence of menstruation in females
  • Frequent urination at nights
  • Feeling of fullness in the abdomen
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Irritability

The treatment for distended abdomen is based on the cause of the condition. Diagnosis is the prior thing, after which only a suitable treatment can be given. A single treatment method is not required to treat distended abdomen since it has many causes. Even it accompanies many symptoms.

Consult a medical professional if the abdomen is tender to touch, swelling of abdomen gets worse and if the symptoms are diverse.

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