Digestive enzymes and their Side Effects

Digestive enzymes carry out the chemical changes in the digested food. These are very complex proteins and act only in presence of specific temperature and pH. Digestive enzymes are derived from pancreas, fungus and plants. The three main classes of digestive enzymes are:

  • Amylases – These help in digestion of carbohydrates
  • Lipases – These help in digestion of fats
  • Proteolytic enzymes – These help in digestion of proteins

List of Digestive Enzymes

The enzymes that help in digestion processes and help in proper functioning of digestive tract are as follows:

  • Maltodextrin
  • Acid proteases
  • Amylases
  • Proteases
  • Cellulases
  • Amyloglucosidase
  • Invertase
  • Lactase
  • Lipase
  • Maltase
  • Bromelain
  • Papain

Why are Digestive Enzymes Prescribed

Digestive enzymes are prescribed to people suffering from digestive disorders such as:

  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Indigestion
  • Pancreatic insufficiency
  • Malabsorption of nutrients.

They are even prescribed to help in some conditions such as:

  • Reduce fullness
  • Reduce bloating after meals
  • Reduce gas
  • Improve absorption of food

Digestive enzymes are very beneficial and help an affected person in:

  • Extending the survival rate of patients suffering from pancreatic cancers
  • Reducing allergic symptoms caused by foods
  • Improving immune system

What are the Side Effects of Digestive Enzymes

Digestive enzymes, although they are very beneficial, they do have some side effects . The side effects are generally observed few days after taking the supplements. Side effects include:

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Stomach ache
  • Gas
  • Bloating
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue

The proteolytic enzymes destroy the lipases in the body. Hence, digestion of fats is affected.
Pancreatic digestive enzymes are suggested to children suffering from cystic fibrosis. But these enzymes produce a bad effect on colon.

Hence, you should always see to that you consult doctor before taking digestive enzyme supplements. This protects you from any of the related side effects.

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