Diagnosis of Absorption Disorders and Treatment

Absorption disorders can be diagnosed depending on the cause for the disease. The medical professional studies the affected person’s family medical history, performs physical examination and certain related tests to diagnose the disease condition.

Medical history –

The doctor studies the entire history of the patient to diagnose the condition. A history of symptoms, their onset and factors related to them, family history of genetic and autoimmune disorders and diet are studied.

Laboratory tests –

The laboratory tests that are performed to diagnose the absorption disorders include:

  • Stools tests that are done to measure and detect the abnormal levels of nutrients, parasites and bacteria.
  • Blood tests include cholesterol tests, total serum protein tests, blood cell count and liver function tests.
  • Urine tests to detect levels of malabsorbed nutrients.

Other diagnostic tests

  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) –

    This is a type of blood test that measures the time the matured red blood cells take to settle at bottom in a test tube. This indicates the inflammation level in the body.

  • C-Reactive protein level –

    This is also a type of blood test in which the levels of C-reactive protein are detected. This is a blood marker that can indicate the inflammation in the body.

  • Substance tolerance tests –

    The suspected nutrient that is known to cause the disorder is removed from the diet. The symptoms if they subside and again re-occur after the diet is taken, the specific nutrient is known to cause the disorder.

  • Intestinal biopsy –

    This involves surgical removal of a small tissue from small intestinal lining. And this tissue is examined under a microscope to detect damage in the digestive tract.

Treatment of Absorption Disorders

Absorption disorders are treated depending on the cause for the disorder. The damaged digestive tract takes more than 2 years for recovery. The treatment methods include:

  • Medications –

    Immunosuppressant drugs and broad-spectrum antibiotics are prescribed by the doctor to treat the disease condition.

  • Supplements –

    Mineral, vitamin and pancreatic enzyme supplements can be taken.

  • Dietary changes –

    Removing the specific nutrient from the diet that has caused the absorption disorder is effective.

  • Surgery –

    Absorption disorders caused as a result of acquired or congenital abnormalities in the intestine can be treated through surgeries.

These treatment methods can help in relieving from the symptoms of absorption disorders. Avoiding smoking, alcohol, reducing stress, performing regular exercises and following a strict diet helps in preventing the absorption disorders.

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