Abdominal Adhesions – Causes and Symptoms of Abdominal Adhesions

Abdominal adhesions are the fibrous bands formed on the abdominal organs. They cause the organs to stick to the abdominal wall or one another. Abdominal adhesions are caused due to the following factors. They are:

  • They develop from the scar tissue that remains after an abdominal surgery.
  • They even develop as a result of infection on membranes of abdominal organs.
  • Endometriosis is another cause. It is an inflammation of abdominal area that could lead to abdominal trauma and adhesion formation.

Abdominal adhesions do not produce serious effects. In rare cases, the fibrous bands block a part or the whole intestine leading to obstruction in bowels. This bowel obstruction may lead to death and it is estimated that about 5% cases come under this category. Adhesions occur commonly in people who had prior abdominal surgeries.

Abdominal Adhesions Causes

Abdominal adhesions develop as a result of abdominal surgery. The risk of developing surgeries is higher in people who undergo bowel, gynecological, pelvis and lower abdomen related surgical operations. Adhesions become bigger as the time passes after the surgery. The causes induced by surgeries include:

  • Handling of internal organs
  • Tissue incisions
  • Contact of internal tissues with foreign substances like stitches, gloves and gauze
  • Drying out of internal tissues and organs
  • Blood clots that are not properly rinsed

Rare Causes of Abdominal Adhesions

  • Radiation treatments for cancers
  • Appendicitis
  • Abdominal infections
  • Gynecological infections

Abdominal Adhesions Symptoms

Abdominal adhesions do not cause any symptoms as such. Abdominal pain and cramps are develop when these adhesions block a part of the intestine. Bowel obstruction can lead to symptoms such as:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Infrequent bowel movements
  • Inability to pass gas
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Low blood pressure
  • Fast heart rate
  • Difficulty in urination
  • Severe thirst
  • Dry tongue and mouth
  • Skin becomes dry

Diagnosis of Abdominal Adhesions

The medical professional diagnoses abdominal adhesions by examining the abdomen and rectum carefully. The diagnostic tests include:

  • Pelvic examination for women
  • X-rays of abdomen and chest
  • Blood tests

1 response to Abdominal Adhesions – Causes and Symptoms of Abdominal Adhesions

  1. jen said on April 4, 2011

    i had adhesions removed years ago they were holding my bowles up . Can they grow back?

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