Rectal Bleeding in Men – Diagnosis and Treatment

Rectal bleeding in men occur when the blood passes through the anus along with the stools. The common causes for the condition are anal fissures, hemorrhoids, infections, ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease. Diagnosis can be done by performing certain diagnostic tests. It helps in detecting the cause and severity of the condition. Rectal bleeding in men can be treated by medications, changing lifestyle measures, transfusions and even surgeries in serious condition.

Rectal Bleeding in Men Diagnosis

The medical professional performs a number of tests to detect rectal bleeding in men. The diagnostic tests are as follows:

  • Flexible Sigmoidoscopy –

    In this test, a flexible tube is inserted into the rectum and examined carefully. The lower end of colon is also examined.

  • Anoscopy –

    A plastic or metal scope is inserted into the anus that enables quick examination of the rectum.

  • Barium Enema X-ray –

    Liquid barium is inserted into the rectum so that the infected areas like diverticula or tumours are highlighted and can be easily located.

  • Colonoscopy –

    A flexible tube with a camera and light is inserted into the rectum and slowly into colon. This would help in visualizing the colon and detecting the areas of abnormalities, tumours and bleeding.

  • Blood Tests –

    Blood tests help in evaluating the infections, clotting ability and degree of blood loss.

Rectal Bleeding in Men Treatment

Rectal bleeding in men can be treated by medications and changing life-style measures.

Medical Treatment

The medical professional provides treatment to stabilize the condition of blood loss. Regardless of the bleeding source and cause, medical treatment is provided.

  • Initially, your heart will be monitored by supplying the external oxygen. Fluids are administered intravenously and if possible blood transfusions are done.
  • The following treatment depends on the source of bleeding. This is a specific treatment that would involve gastroenterologist, general surgeon and colorectal surgeon.
  • If there is much amount of blood loss, hospital admission is required. Even the admission is required when the symptoms become abnormal or the bleeding doesn’t stop.

Self-care Measures at Home

If rectal bleeding in minimal and the cause for the bleeding is rectal fissures or hemorrhoids, home care is enough. The other serious causes should be evaluated and treated by the doctor.

Self-care measures of rectal bleeding

The initial self care includes rectal ointments and suppositories. They are the over-the-counter medications that can be taken without prescription. But if the symptoms subside and does not improve, you should seek medical advice.

Simple home care measures

  • Consume lots of water at-least 8 – 10 glasses per day
  • Cleanse the area around the anus properly while bathing
  • Intake diet rich in fiber and also fiber supplements
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements
  • Apply cool compresses such as ice packs to the affected area. This helps in reducing the pain
  • Avoid sitting on the toilet for long time

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