All about Urinary Tract Infections during Pregnancy

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial inflammation in the urinary tract. It is also known as bladder infection. Urinary tract infection is more common during pregnancy. Pregnant women develop UTI during week 6 to week 24. The uterus lies on the bladder. The uterus, as it grows during pregnancy puts on more weight on the bladder. This blocks the flow of urine from bladder and causes infection.

Urinary Tract Infection during Pregnancy – Symptoms

Urinary tract infections during pregnancy develop the following symptoms:

  • Frequent urination than usual
  • Discomfort and pain when urinating
  • Mucus or blood in the urine
  • A feeling of urgency when urinating
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • A feeling to urinate during sleep
  • Incontinence i.e urine leakage accompanied with sweats, fever and chills
  • Foul selling and cloudy urine
  • Change in the amount of urine than usual
  • Tenderness, pressure and pain in the bladder
  • Nausea and vomiting

How does UTI affect Baby?

If Urinary tract infection is not treated early and properly, it can lead to infections of kidney. This could lead to early delivery of the baby and low birth weight. If UTI is treated properly, this problems will not arise and no harm is caused to the baby.

Urinary Tract Infection during Pregnancy– Diagnosis and Treatment

  • Urinary tract infection during pregnancy can be diagnosed by tests such as urinalysis and a urine culture test.
  • UTI during pregnancy can be treated with antibiotics. The medical professional may prescribe antibiotics for 3 – 7 days depending on the severity of the condition.
  • If you experience the symptoms like nausea, vomiting, stomach pains, chills and fever, while taking or after taking antibiotics, consult a doctor immediately.

How to Prevent Urinary Tract Infections during Pregnancy?

The following measures help to prevent and reduce the UTI during pregnancy:

  • Avoid processed foods, caffeine products, fruit juices, sugar and alcohol.
  • Drink plenty of water daily.
  • Do not hesitate to urinate whenever you feel like.
  • Foods and supplements rich in zinc, beta-carotene and Vitamin C should be taken. They fight against the UTI.
  • Avoid sexual intercourse during treatment periods.
  • Avoid using strong powders, creams, soaps and hygiene sprays.
  • Do not wear tight-fitting pants and always wear a clean cotton under-wears.
  • Do not soak in bathtub for too long period.

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