Dehydration in Infants – Causes of Dehydration in Infants

Dehydration is when a child lacks the required fluids needed for the body. This can occur as a result of not drinking water, diarrhea, vomiting or in combination of any of these conditions together. Urinating or sweating too much can also result in dehydration. Dehydration in infants is a common problem and the reason is they tend to lose more fluid more quickly when compared to older adults and children.

The causes of dehydration in infants are many and can result in life-threatening if not recognized early and treated immediately. Some of the signs of dehydration are urinating less frequently, sticky and dry gums, no tears when the infant cries, sunken fontanel and dry skin. There are many causes for dehydration in infants as it could be due to viral infections, bacterial and even parasitic infections. Parents should observe their children for these signs and take their child to the pediatrician immediately to prevent further worsening of the condition.


Causes of Dehydration in Infants

Some of the causes are:

Viral Infections

Viral infections are the most common cause of dehydration and this results in diarrhea, fever, decreased ability to eat or drink and vomiting. Some of the viruses are:

  • Rota virus, Adenovirus and Norwalk virus are some of the causes that results in diarrhea, fever and vomiting.
  • These viruses even cause mouth sores, making it painful to drink or eat and this worsens dehydration.

Bacterial Infections

Some of the bacteria that causes severe infections in infants results in severe vomitings and diarrhea. Some of the bacteria are:

  • Salmonella
  • Escherichia coli
  • Campylobacter
  • Clostridium difficile

Parasitic Infections

  • Parasitic infections like Giardia lamblia can cause a condition called giardiasis that can result in fluid loss and diarrhea.
  • Excessive sweating due to a very hot and humid environment can also cause dehydration.

Therefore these are some of the causes of dehydration in infants. As parents, you need to keep your child in an healthy environment to prevent such infections.

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