Ayurveda

Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis

Both

diverticulosis and diverticulitis

are conditions of the colon in the large intestine. As a person ages, the pressure within the colon can increase causing the small pouches existing within the colon to bulge and push through the colon. These small pouches are called

diverticula

and the condition is called diverticulosis. When the diverticula get inflamed or ruptured, the condition is then called diverticulitis.

Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis:

It has been observed that almost half the people above 60 and 10 percent people above forty in America have diverticulosis. 10-25 percent people who suffer from this condition have every possible chance of developing diverticulitis. These diseases collectively are known as

diverticular disease

.

Causes:

The prevalence of these diverticular disease has been attributed to low fiber diet. Most of the industrialised nations take a diet rich in processed carbohydrates neglecting fiber which increases the incidence of these conditions.

Symptoms:

People who have diverticulosis usually go asymptomatic. Even if symptoms do exist, they are mild abdominal pain, constipation and bloating which can be relieved by taking painkillers and consuming a high-fiber diet. The symptoms can be misleading (IBS and stomach ulcers also present with the same symptoms), so it is better to check with a doctor if they persist.

People who have diverticulitis would suffer from sever lower abdominal cramps which could worsen over time. During this time, other symptoms like nausea, chills, fever and vomiting would also be present.

Treatment:

If not diagnosed and treated at the right time, the diverticula can cause perforations on the colon walls which could lead to other serious conditions.

  • As already mentioned above, for treating diverticulosis, foods rich in fiber should be a part of the diet. Fiber products such as Metamucial or Citrucel could be recommended by doctors.
  • Since the diverticula get inflamed in diverticulitis, the infection around the colon would have to be cleaned up. During this time, doctors usually recommend a liquid diet and antibiotics.
  • Surgery is rarely required for this problem.

Diverticulosis and diverticulitis

are not a debilitating issue, but have to be treated nonetheless.

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