Ayurveda

What is Bulimia Nervosa Disorder?

Bulimia nervosa disorder

or just

bulimia

is an eating disorder. People who suffer from bulimia eat a lot, but subsequently try to forcefully bring the eaten food out. While the heavy intake is referred to as binge, the forceful letting out is referred to as purge. The forced attempts to get rid of the food are usually vomiting or over-exercising (purging type), using laxatives, diuretics or enemas (non-purging type).

Characteristics of Bulimia Nervosa Disorder Sufferers:

Bulimia is a disorder observed more in women than men. Children and younger adults between the ages 12-21 suffer the most from this eating disorder. Mostly single women or high school and college girls are known to be typical bulimics.

Bulimics are also known to suffer from obsessive compulsive disorders and severe depression as well.

Causes:

The exact causes of this disorder are not known. Genes can be a cause in children with a mother or sister having nervosa disorder. People who have suffered from a sexual abuse or those who suffer from psychological disorders like impulsive behaviours or low self-esteem are a few reasons for individuals to develop this eating disorder.

Also, athletes who are into boxing, gymnastics and ballet dancing also pick up this eating disorder.

Signs and Symptoms:

The following are the signs and symptoms of bulimics-

  • secretly eating high carbohydrate foods
  • eating excessively heavily within a span of only two hours
  • rigorously exercising
  • using the toilet in between meals
  • weight fluctuations
  • dehydration
  • constipation
  • bad breath
  • mouth sores
  • damage to the enamel of the teeth
  • fatigue
  • bloodshot eyes

Complications:

Nervosa disorder is considered not only harmful but also fatal in most cases. Forced and repeated vomiting would cause useful minerals like potassium and sodium to drain out of the body. Not only that, the lining of the esophagus could also get torn.

Usage of diuretics and and laxatives lead to heart risks.

Treatment:

By observing the characteristics of a person suffering from

bulimia nervosa disorder

, one can understand that it is a psychological problem. For this purpose, cognitive behaviour therapy is usually recommended. This therapy trains bulimics in understanding alternative ways to lose weight.

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