Increase in Peritoneal Cavity Fluid – Ascites

An increase in the

peritoneal cavity fluid

is referred to as


. The peritoneal or the abdominal cavity contains a fluid that separates the abdominal wall from the abdominal organs. Small amounts of this fluid are necessary for allowing the abdominal organs to move easily. But, over-accumulation of the

peritoneal cavity fluid

causes problems.

Causes of an Increase in Peritoneal Cavity Fluid:

Ascites can be due to kidney failure, liver disease or a congestive heart failure.

  • Of all causes, liver cirrhosis is considered to be the most prominent that leads to ascites. Liver cirrhosis increases the pressure on the blood flow of the liver, which can be a reason for this build of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
  • Kidneys can also lead to this problem by absorbing more salts and water than normal.
  • Cancers of the colon, pancreas, stomach, breast and the lungs can also result in the build up of fluid.

Symptoms of Peritoneal cavity Fluid Build Up:

As long as the level of the fluid in the peritoneal cavity is fluctuating between 100ml and 400ml, there would be no symptoms or only mild symptoms. But if the level of the fluid exceeds this interval, the first would be an increase in abdominal size.

  • As the fluid accumulation increases, people would be begin to experience bloating accompanied by sever abdominal pain and nausea.
  • People might also suffer from breathing problems due to added pressure on the diaphragm and the accumulation of fluid around the lungs.
  • Loss of appetite and fatigue can also be observed.
  • People may also find it difficult to stand, sit or walk.


In order to suppress the symptoms of ascites, the accumulated fluid in the cavity must be drained out. For this purpose, doctors resort to a very simple procedure called



  • Doctors may also recommend the use of diuretics and also make some dietary changes as required.
  • If ascites is being caused by cancer, chemotherapy would be required.
  • A surgery and a liver transplant may also be suggested to deal with sever cases of

    peritoneal cavity fluid

    build up.

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