What is Enteritis?
is a condition characterized by the inflammation and irritation in the lining of mainly the small intestine. However, the swelling of the large intestine and stomach is also not unheard of. It is mainly caused by the ingestion of foods contaminated with bacteria and virus. In the US alone, 60 to 70 million people suffer from digestive problems. The discussed condition is one of the most common digestive problems.
Causes of Enteritis
- Bacterial and Viral infection.
- Autoimmune condition as in Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease is the inflammation of the intestine and can include any part of the gastrointestinal tract between the mouth and the anus.
- Sensitivity towards drugs like ibuprofen, naproxen sodium etc.
- Could develop as a side effect to radiation therapy.
What are the symptoms of this type of intestinal inflammation?
Symptoms surface within a day or two of being infected and are mostly as follows:
- Abdominal cramps and discomfort.
- Abdominal pain.
- Acute and severe diarrhea.
- Loss of Appetite.
What are the types of this disease?
The different sources of infection causing the disease would necessarily define the different types of the disease. The different sources are as follows:
- Campylobacter Bacteria
- E. Coli Bacteria
- Salmonella bacteria
- Shigella bacteria
- Staph aureus infection
A stool culture is the preliminary investigation conducted. However, to single out the bacteria or virus causing it, further advanced tests may need to be done.
Treatment of Enteritis
- Acute and chronic infection and inflammation is treated with powerful antibiotics. However, depending on the source of the bacteria causing it, the physician will prescribe an effective antibiotic.
- Milder cases may show a full blown recovery without any medication.
- In cases of dehydration due to diarrhea and vomiting, an intravenous drip may need to be administered for acute patients. Most often in acute conditions the patient may not be able to take sufficient fluids by mouth. This happens mostly in children. In normal cases of dehydration, elotrolyte solutions can be taken by mouth to reinstate the lost fluids from the body.
- Anti diarrheal medication is not encouraged, as it may cause the pathogen causing the infection to stay on longer in the digestive tract.
- If you are taking diuretics ( drugs to reduce accumulated water from body), you may need to stop it if you contract acute diarrhea in the given condition.