What is Hematemesis?
is a condition characterized by the presence of blood in vomit.The blood is generally emitted because of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. A lot of times individuals cough up blood because of respiratory problems. The discussed problem should not be confused with it.
It is not as common as bleeding manifested through stools. However, gastrointestinal bleeding is a major concern when it comes to digestive ailments. In the US alone, 60 to 70 million people suffer from various digestion related problems. Upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding is often a symptom in many diseases.
Symptoms of Hematemesis
- Persistent vomiting tendency and nausea.
- Vomit which is black or brown in color.
- Vomit which is the color of ground coffee.
- Dark tar colored stools indicating the presence of blood.
- A history of digestive distress caused by alcohol abuse, chronic liver disease and gastrointestinal ulcers. Peptic ulcer disease is responsible for upper gastrointestinal bleeding in 27-40% of the patients.
What are the causes of vomiting blood?
Treatment of Hematemesis
It is more a symptom than a disease. So the underlying disease should be treated first. It often warrants an immediate medical attention where the blood loss needs to be first arrested. An endoscopy is generally conducted to detect the source of the bleeding.
Depending on the disease causing it, treatment with medications, therapy or surgery is administered.