What is Liver Hemangioma?
is a benign mass of tissue on the liver. About 30% of the said condition is present from birth. It may be present in about 7% of healthy individuals without any symptom. It is quite common in the age group of 30-50. The condition is also very often seen on the skin in infants immediately after birth. It manifests itself as a swelled up mass of endothelial cells (cells that form the lining of blood vessels). The liver is the second most common place to be affected by these benign tumors after the skin.
Causes of Liver Hemangioma
- The exact cause of the disease is still not identified.
- In some cases, it is a congenital defect and affects the baby before being born. It may also develop after birth.
- Hormonal imbalance involving the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone in the expecting mother can also cause it. It is caused by an abnormal growth of endothelial cells in and around the liver.
- Over usage of steroids or birth control pills by the expecting mother in the past is also thought to be one of the causes of the said condition.
- The incidence is four to six times more in women than men. The said benign masses tend to grow larger in size in women.
- Due to the hormonal upsurge during pregnancy, they are manifested more during this time.
- These hepatic benign lesions can remain without any symptoms throughout one’s life.
- The presence of this condition in babies generally disappears before 10 years of age.
Symptoms of the condition
- Abdominal pain in the upper right quadrant.
- Hepatomegaly or enlargement of liver.
- Anemia and development of abdominal mass in babies.
- Larger benign tumors may rupture and cause bleeding and intense pain.
Treatment of Liver Hemangioma
: Surgery is an effective option which ensures complete removal of the mass.
: Patients whose liver is infested with these outgrowths as in multiple tumors have to go for liver transplantation. A fresh new functioning liver from a donor can only help in cases of multiple hemangioma.
: These abnormal liver cells can be destroyed with radiation from high energy beams.
Decrease in the size of the tumor
: The tumor size can be decreased by stopping blood supply to it as in ligation of the liver artery where the blood vessel feeding the tumor is tied off.